International Health Research Institute

International Health Research Institute

Master's in Space Health & Human Factors

Become a Leader in the Evolving Industry

This comprehensive Master’s program in Space Health & Human Factors empowers you to become a knowledge leader in this rapidly growing field. Our curriculum equips you with the expertise to tackle the unique challenges faced by astronauts and space travellers.

Key benefits:

  • Develop expertise in Space Health: Delve into the physiological, psychological, and societal impacts of spaceflight, gaining a deep understanding of this specialized field.
  • Flexible learning options: Pursue your studies online, full-time or part-time, fitting your program seamlessly into your existing schedule.
  • Network with industry professionals: Engage directly with leading experts in Space Health, gaining valuable insights and building connections.
  • Future-proof your career: Prepare yourself for the most in-demand jobs of tomorrow, positioning yourself as a sought-after expert in the burgeoning space industry.

 

This program goes beyond traditional education. It transforms you into a confident and knowledgeable authority in Space Health & Human Factors.

Reasons to Study a Master in Space Health & Human Factors

  1. Become a Pioneer in a Growing Field
    The space industry is experiencing exponential growth, with space travel becoming increasingly accessible. A Master’s in Space Health & Human Factors positions you as an expert at the forefront of this exciting field. This specialized knowledge is essential for ensuring the well-being of astronauts and space explorers during missions.

  2. Develop In-Demand Expertise:
    Mastering the unique challenges faced by humans in space is a highly specialized skillset. This program equips you with the knowledge and skills to understand the physiological, psychological, and societal impacts of spaceflight. Graduates are well-positioned for high-demand jobs in space agencies, private space companies, and research institutions.

  3. Future-Proof Your Career:
    The space industry is projected to create significant employment opportunities in the coming decades. By obtaining a Master’s in Space Health & Human Factors, you gain a unique edge in a competitive landscape. You’ll be prepared to contribute to groundbreaking advancements in space health technologies and protocols, leaving a lasting impact on the future of space exploration.

Master in Space Health & Human Factors

Course Description & Aims

As humanity pushes deeper into space, the complexities of the space environment pose critical challenges to human health and performance. To ensure astronaut well-being and mission success, this specialised master’s program cultivates experts who understand the intricate interplay between these factors.
The program equips graduates with highly specialised knowledge at the leading edge of space health and human factors research. This includes a deep understanding of:
• The physiological and psychological effects of altered gravity, radiation exposure, and other space-specific environmental stressors.
• Cutting-edge research on mitigating these health risks and optimising human performance in space.
Students develop a critical awareness of knowledge gaps and emerging areas within space health. They learn to integrate knowledge from diverse fields, such as physiology, psychology, engineering, and human-computer interaction, to develop innovative solutions.

The curriculum fosters specialised problem-solving skills crucial for research and innovation. Graduates will be able to:

• Design and conduct research studies to develop new knowledge and countermeasures for health risks in space.
• Integrate knowledge from various disciplines to develop novel approaches for optimising human health and performance in space environments.
Graduates gain the competence to manage and transform the complex and unpredictable world of space health. They will develop the skills to:
• Lead and manage teams in devising new strategies and approaches to address evolving challenges in space health.
• Take responsibility for advancing the field by conducting original research, developing novel technologies, and contributing to policy and decision-making related to human health in space.

This program prepares graduates to be at the forefront of space health research and practice. They will be equipped to:

• Conduct cutting-edge research to expand the body of knowledge in space health.
• Develop innovative solutions to enhance astronaut health and well-being during space missions.

As humans venture further into the cosmos, the unique challenges posed by space flight, exploration and altered gravity become increasingly significant. To ensure the safety and well-being of astronauts and space travellers alike, experts with a deep understanding of the complex interplay between space environments, altered gravity and human health and performance will be required to succeed in space missions.
This specialised master’s programme equips graduates with the knowledge and skills to address these challenges and contribute to advancing space health. Through a rigorous curriculum, students will gain insights into altered gravity’s physiological and psychological effects, develop expertise in human factors, and explore strategies for optimising human health and performance in space.

Graduates of the program will be well-positioned to join, advise, and lead technical and academic teams in space health. Their expertise will be invaluable in designing and implementing effective countermeasures to health risks encountered with space flight and colonisation, creating measures to be successful by enhancing the well-being of astronauts and space travellers whilst contributing to the building of humanity’s capabilities for long-duration missions and human exploration of the cosmos.

Programme Aims:
The Master in Space Health and Human Factors aims to:
• Empower graduates with a comprehensive understanding of space travel and exploration’s unique health and human performance challenges. This includes gaining insights into the physiological and psychological effects of altered gravity, radiation exposure, and other space environment factors.
• Develop expertise in human factors principles and methodologies to ensure the safety and effectiveness of human-machine interactions in space environments.
• Foster the development of innovative strategies and countermeasures to mitigate the health risks associated with space travel, including exercise regimens, nutritional interventions, and psychological support techniques.
• Prepare graduates for leadership roles in the space health field, enabling them to contribute to advancing space exploration and human health optimisation in the cosmos. This includes developing communication, collaboration, and project management skills.
• Shape the future of space health by producing graduates equipped to conduct research, develop new technologies, and advise on policy and decision-making related to human health in space.

Knowledge Learning Outcomes

The learner will be able to:
a) Evaluate the fundamental principles of altered gravity and its effects on human physiology, psychology, and behavioural health.
b) Develop a critical understanding of the physiological, psychological, behavioural, environmental, and ethical factors associated with space environments.
c) Analyse countermeasures and interventions for mitigating the physiological, psychological, behavioural, environmental, and ethical risks associated with human spaceflight operations.
d) Critically review knowledge issues and concepts applied to space health and human factors in space environments, identifying knowledge gaps at the interface between different fields of physiology, psychology, behavioural and ethical dilemmas.
e) Create scientific output and scholarly activities with specialised knowledge of health and human factors in space environments.

Skills Learning Outcomes

The learner will be able to:
a) Perform critical evaluation and analysis of the main concepts, structures, and approaches of physiological, psychological, behavioural health, environmental and ethical factors in space environments with limited or incomplete knowledge.
b) Demonstrate capability in using specialised skills to create solutions to challenging human physiological, psychological, behavioural, and ethical dilemmas in space environments.
c) Apply appropriate methods and analysis to elicit and solve challenges for human space flight.
d) Appraise scientific, health, medical, behavioural, and ethical literature to research current knowledge on space health and human factors in space environments.
e) Synthesise and integrate knowledge from diverse scientific disciplines (including physiology, psychology and behavioural) to develop to develop a comprehensive understanding of the human-environmental interaction in space environments

Individuals from the following areas are encouraged to apply:

● Human or biological sciences.
● Biochemistry or chemistry.
● Pharmacy and allied medical sciences, i.e. occupational therapy, physiotherapy, psychology, and others 
● Medical doctors, nursing, or paramedical services (undergraduate and post-graduate degrees accepted).

The programme prepares for positions such as and not limited to:

• Advisor to space agencies and companies for human flight and habitat needs from the perspective of human physical and health requirements.

• Advisors on environmental factors that affect humans in space (radiation protection, human comfort, adaptive tools, and health technology).

• Academia and research careers, in line with expanding educational and teaching opportunities with projected growth of the space flight and exploration industry and
• Advisor to space equipment designers (to identify necessary countermeasures for space environments and altered gravity from a human health perspective).

 

Example employers:
• ESA European Space Agency
• Japanese Space Agency
• Indian Space Agency
• NASA
• UAE Space Agency
• Axiom Space
• Orbital Space
• Bigelow Aerospace
• Northrop Grumman
• SNCorp
• Worldview Space
• PD Aerospace
• Academia – various institutions

This module examines the physiological challenges and opportunities associated with human space flight. Students will gain a comprehensive understanding of the effects of altered gravity environments on the human body and the physiological risks associated with space flight. Students will also explore the impact of these changes on various bodily systems, including the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, immune, and neurological systems and develop strategies for maintaining human health and performance in altered gravity environments.

This module delves into the cutting-edge realm of human physiology in spaceflight, focusing on the challenges and opportunities it presents. Students will gain a deep understanding of the physiological consequences of altered gravity environments on the human body. This will involve a critical analysis of the risks associated with space travel and their impact on various bodily systems.
Specifically, the module will explore the effects on:
⦁ The cardiovascular system
⦁ The musculoskeletal system
⦁ The immune system
⦁ The neurological system.

By critically evaluating these physiological changes, students will develop innovative strategies for mitigating risks and promoting human health and performance during space missions. This will involve integrating knowledge from diverse fields such as aerospace medicine, physiology, exercise science, and psychology.

Learning Outcomes 

Knowledge 

a) Analyses the fundamental principles of altered gravity and its effects on human physiology and space health.
b) Develop a critical understanding of the physiological risks and environmental factors associated with space flight operations, including bone loss, muscle atrophy, cardiovascular and baroreceptor de-conditioning and changes, immune dysfunction, ocular-vestibular and other physiological system changes.
c) Evaluate countermeasures and interventions for mitigating the physiological risks associated with spaceflight operations.
d) Evaluate space flight, analogue and ground-based studies examining acute and adaptive human physiological responses to altered gravity, identifying strengths, limitations, and knowledge gaps.

Skills

a) Perform critical evaluation and analysis of the main concepts, structures, and theoretical approaches to the effect of space environments on human physiology with incomplete or limited information.
b) Demonstrate capability in using critiquing skills for problem-solving and decision-making criteria to provide and create solutions to human physiological dysfunction in space environments.
c) Apply appropriate methodologies and analytical measures to answer questions and challenges to human physiology in space flight operations and altered gravity environments.
d) Appraise scientific literature and research findings related to the physiological effects of altered gravity environments on humans and other biological life forms which may impact human space health.
e) Synthesisze and integrate knowledge from diverse scientific disciplines, including physiology, microbiology, health science and human factors, to develop a comprehensive understanding of the human-environmental interaction in space environments.

This module reviews the intricate interplay between environmental factors and disease pathogenesis in space. Students will gain a comprehensive understanding of how altered gravity environments, radiation, and other space-specific stressors influence the behaviour and virulence of bacteria, viruses, and other disease pathogenesis. The module will explore the pathophysiology of human diseases in space, utilising knowledge already acquired from enclosed habitats (analogue) and space station studies. The effects of radiation exposure and its impact on human health will be analysed, including immediate tissue damage, long-term genomic and mitochondrial dysfunction, and potential deregulation of genetic expression.
This module explores spaceborne disease pathogenesis, a highly specialised field at the intersection of environmental microbiology, space medicine, and radiation biology.
Students will engage in critical analysis of the intricate interplay between space environments, radiation, and other stressors unique to spaceflight. This analysis will extend to understanding how these factors influence the virulence and behaviour of pathogens – bacteria, viruses, and others – impacting human disease development in space.
The module leverages knowledge from analogue environments (closed habitats) and existing space station research to explore the pathophysiology and the underlying mechanisms of human diseases manifesting in space. Students will critically assess the effects of radiation exposure on human health, encompassing immediate tissue damage, long-term dysfunction at the genomic and mitochondrial level, and the potential for altered gene expression.
The field of spaceborne disease research requires a critical appraisal of current knowledge. By grappling with complex challenges that integrate knowledge from diverse fields, students will develop novel strategies to mitigate disease risks in space, ultimately contributing to the field’s advancement.

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge

a) Define the first principles of disease pathogenesis, including the stages of disease development, cellular and genetic alterations, and the role of genetics, habitation, and an altered gravity the space environment in disease predisposition.
b) Demonstrate an understanding of microbial, viral, and cellular behaviour in altered gravity space environments drawing on knowledge acquired in microbiology, virology and disease monitoring from various space habitats and space flights by applying this knowledge to assess disease risks to humans in altered gravity environments.
c) Analyse the role of altered gravity environments in developing acute and chronic diseases in space.
d) Evaluate how altered gravity space environments influence human and other cellular physiology, utilising relevant case studies, space, and analogue mission data to comprehend the intricacies of disease pathology in the extraterrestrial setting.

Skills

At the end of the module/unit, the learner will have acquired the following skills:

a) Demonstrate specialised knowledge of disease pathogenesis, reviewing and reflecting on knowledge and techniques gained from space analogue and flight missions.
b) Performs critical evaluation and analysis of disease pathogenesis in altered gravity space environments and develops approaches to disease management with incomplete or limited information.
c) Demonstrates capability in using knowledge of disease pathogenesis and research skills within the space health field, considering the need for synthesis, setting objectives, methodological process, and application of strategies to improve human disease outcomes in altered gravity space environments.
d) Apply appropriate methods, critique, and analytical procedures to answer questions about disease pathogenesis and environmental factors in altered gravity space environments.

This module examines the complex interplay between human factors, psychology, and behavioural performance in altered gravity environments. Students will gain a comprehensive understanding of the psychological and social challenges faced by individuals and crews in space-based and enclosed habitat settings. They will explore the impact of isolation, confinement, and other stressors on mental health, cognitive performance, and interpersonal dynamics.
This module examines the cutting-edge intersection of human factors, psychology, and behavioural performance within the extreme environment of space. Students will develop a critical understanding of the psychological and social challenges that astronauts and crews face in isolated, confined space habitats. Through this lens, they will explore the complex interplay between factors like isolation, confinement, and other stressors and their impact on mental health, cognitive function, and team dynamics.
Students will engage in research on space psychology and human factors. This includes the latest findings on the psychological effects of long-duration spaceflight, the creation of countermeasures for stress mitigation, and the creation of optimal team dynamics within confined environments.
The module will critically examine existing knowledge in space psychology and identify areas where further research is needed. This includes exploring the interface between psychology, human factors engineering, and aerospace medicine to create a holistic understanding of human performance in space.

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge

At the end of the module/unit, the learner will have been exposed to the following:
a) Evaluate spaceflight, analogue, and ground-based studies examining acute and adaptive human psychological responses to altered gravity levels based on strengths, limitations, and gaps.
b) Develop specialised knowledge and understanding of human factors and behavioural performance frameworks which that affect crew and team behaviours and mental and physical health in altered gravity space environments, providing solutions for effective management.
c) Demonstrate a comprehensive and critical understanding of current research issues in human factors and human behaviour in Space contexts.
d) Develop countermeasures and interventions to mitigate the psychological risks of space and analogue missions.
e) Critically analyse the psychological factors of isolation, confinement, and distance from Earth and their impact on human behaviour and health in altered gravity space environments.
f) Demonstrate knowledge of mood disorders, mental illnesses, and psychological stressors and their impact on human behaviour in altered gravity space environments.
g) Develop a comprehensive understanding of interpersonal dynamics of isolated and confined habitats and workspaces in altered gravity space environments.

Skills

At the end of the module/unit, the learner will have acquired the following skills:

a) Ability to reflect on knowledge and techniques of human factors and behavioural performance in altered gravity space environments.
b) Demonstrate capability in using specialised skills to create strategies and decision-making protocols concerning human factors and behavioural performance in an altered gravity space environments.
c) Demonstrate application of knowledge and skills affecting human factors and behavioural performance to conduct research within the field of altered gravityspaceof space environments, focusing on synthesising knowledge, setting objectives, methodological processes, and applying strategies to problem-solve the effect of altered gravityspace on humans.
d) Perform critical evaluation and analysis of the main concepts, structures, and approaches to human psychology related to human behavioural performance in altered gravity space environments with incomplete or limited information.
e) Demonstrate research skills in response to emerging knowledge and techniques in psychology.
f) Demonstrate leadership skills to empower, inspire and manage teams, innovating with creative problem-solving in professional environments.
g) Consider users’ and team members’ diverse backgrounds, needs, capabilities, and limitations, demonstrate the ability to design and evaluate human-centred systems with application to altered gravity space environments.

Assessment 


Formative

• Feedback from Tutorial/Transformational Tutorials
• Weekly Critical Prompts
• Weekly Minute Paper Reflection
• Group Discussions

Summative

Assessment One: Essay
Research and write an essay from a defined topic list.
2500 Words
Weighting: 40%

Assessment Two: Case Study Analysis
Analyse and respond to a case study from a defined topic list.
1500 Words
Weighting: 20%

Assessment Three: Group Presentation
Students present material to an audience.
There are three components to group work assessment.
a. Group written submission, to include a seminar abstract, statement of contributions to the group task and 10-15 academic references.
b. Group seminar presentation to develop the capacity to critically evaluate evidence and develop persuasive arguments on an issue in which all group members must participate.
c. Peer assessment – an individual assessment item concerning each member’s contribution to the group.
Weighting: 40%

All assessments must be submitted to be eligible to pass the module.
The pass mark is 50% from grade D band 50-54%

This module examines the intricate workings of the human immune system and its susceptibility to alterations in altered gravity environments and confined spaces. Students will explore the fundamental principles of immunology, gaining a comprehensive understanding of the immune system’s roles in protecting the body from pathogens and maintaining homeostasis. Students will analyse the unique challenges faced by the immune system in altered gravity environments, where the effects of gravity loss on fluid distribution and cellular processes can disrupt immune cell function and increase susceptibility to infections.

This module delves into the frontiers of space immunology, critically examining the intricate workings of the human immune system and its susceptibility to the unique challenges of space environments. The module moves beyond basic immunology by exploring the critical awareness of knowledge gaps at the interface of space medicine and immunology. Students will analyse recent research on how altered gravity in space environments disrupts immune cell function, potentially increasing susceptibility to infections. This analysis will require a critical assessment of the existing literature and identification of areas for further research.

The module will equip students with specialised problem-solving skills necessary for innovation in space immunology, prepare students to contribute to the advancement of space immunology research and pave the way for future discoveries through the development of critical thinking and knowledge integration from diverse fields.

Learning Outcomes 

Knowledge

a) Analyse the first principles of immunology, including innate and adaptive immunity, immune cells, molecules, and immune responses and describe the impact of the altered gravity space environment, including the effects of radiation exposure.
b) Evaluate strategies for mitigating the effects of an altered gravity the space environment on the immune system, aiming towards strategies which that optimise crew health and well-being during altered gravity missions.
c) Evaluate space flight, analogue, and ground-based studies examining acute and adaptive human immunological responses to altered gravity levels based on strengths, limitations, and knowledge gaps.
d) Synthesise and integrate knowledge from diverse scientific disciplines, such as immunology, physiology, microbiology, and space medicine, to develop a comprehensive understanding of human immunological adaptation in altered gravity space environments.

Skills

a) Performs critical evaluation and analysis concerning human immunology whilst reviewing physiological concepts, molecular structures, and approaches to immunological dysfunction in the altered gravity space environment with incomplete or limited information.
b) Apply appropriate methods and analytical procedures to answer questions concerning human immunology in altered gravity space environments.
c) Appraise complex scientific literature, case studies and research findings related to the immunological effects of altered gravity the space environments on the human immune system.

Assessment

Summative
Assessment One: Essay
Essay from a list of topics, 2000 Words
Weighting: 60%

Assessment Two: Interactive oral assessment
An evaluative conversation between assessors and students allows students to demonstrate in-depth learning and critical thinking in real-time. Interactive oral assessment is industry-aligned and scenario-based.
Weighting: 20%

Assessment Three: Source Analysis
Write a source analysis of 1500 words (not including references) chosen from a list of defined topics.
Weighting: 20%

All assessments must be submitted to be eligible to pass the module.
The pass mark is 50% from grade D band 50-54%


This module delves into the cutting-edge science of human nutrition in space environments, specifically focusing on the potential nutritional deficiencies that can arise in these closed-loop systems. Students will critically analyse the latest research and explore the physiological mechanisms that drive these nutritional changes in microgravity and other spaceflight conditions.
Through this module, students will:
• Analyse the complex interplay between spaceflight physiology and nutritional requirements.
• Critically evaluate research on nutritional deficiencies specific to space environments.
• Design and propose innovative approaches to mitigate these deficiencies, promoting optimal human health and performance during long-duration space missions.
This module explores the impact of altered gravity on human nutrition and the potential for nutritional deficiencies to arise in space-based and enclosed habitat environments. Students will gain a comprehensive understanding of the underlying physiological mechanisms that underlie nutritional changes in altered gravity environments and confined spaces. They will also evaluate the latest research on nutritional interventions and strategies to mitigate the risks of nutritional deficiencies and optimise human health and performance in these unique settings.

Learning Outcomes 

Knowledge

a) Analyses the fundamental principles of nutritional science and its effects on human physiology, behavioural performance, and cognitive status in spacealtered gravity environments.
b) Evaluate the impact of nutritional deficiencies on various organ systems, including the immune, cardiovascular, and skeletal systems.
c) Understand the role of macronutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, and fats) and micronutrients (vitamins, minerals, and trace elements) and the gastrointestinal environment in maintaining cellular function, healthy human metabolism, energy production, and the maintenance of overall human health status in an altered gravity space environments.
d) Identify the specific nutrient requirements for humans in altered gravity conditions, considering the unique challenges of the space altered gravity environments.
e) Create strategies for developing and maintaining a healthy dietary uptake of nutrients for humans in space environments altered gravity.

Skills

a) Demonstrating specialised knowledge of human nutrition reflects expertise and techniques that affect food and human behaviour in enclosed habitats and space altered gravity environments.
b) Critically evaluates and analyses nutritional requirements in altered gravityspa ce enviro

Formative

• Feedback from Tutorial/Transformational tutorials
• Weekly Critical Prompts
• Weekly Minute Paper Reflection
• MCQ

Summative

Assessment One: Brief Paper
Succinctly outline a particular issue and its background, provide recommendations for improvements, and propose solutions based on evidence from a defined list of topics.
1500 words
Weighting: 30%

Assessment Two: Interactive oral assessment
An ‘evaluative conversation’ between assessors and students allows students to demonstrate in-depth learning and critical thinking in real time. Interactive oral assessment is industry-aligned and scenario-based.
Weighting: 20%

Assessment Three: Essay
Essay of 2000 Words from a list of topics.
Weighting 50%

nments with incomplete or limited information.
c) Develop knowledge from diverse scientific disciplines, including nutrition, physiology, biochemistry, food science and case studies, to comprehensively understand nutrition requirements in altered gravityspace environments.
d) Demonstrates new skills in response to emerging knowledge, science, and food preservation techniques in human nutrition.

Assessment

 

This module focuses on the unique pharmacological challenges posed by space environments. Students will develop a critical understanding of how these conditions impact on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs.
Through in-depth exploration, the module will equip students with the ability to:
• Critically analyse the complexities of developing and administering pharmaceuticals in space, considering the interplay between microgravity, confined spaces, and human physiology.
• Integrate knowledge from pharmacology, space medicine, and engineering to propose innovative solutions for drug delivery and efficacy in space.
• Identify and address knowledge gaps in space pharmacology, forming the foundation for original research that contributes to the advancement of the field.
Students will explore the potential for translating space-based pharmaceutical advancements into novel therapeutic applications for healthcare on Earth.

Learning Outcomes 

Knowledge

a) Evaluate the physiological and environmental factors that affect drug action in space, including altered gravity, radiation exposure, and psychological stress.
b) Analyse and develop countermeasures and interventions for mitigating the environmental factors and risks associated with pharmaceuticals in spaceflight operations.
c) Understand the fundamental principles of pharmaceutical science, including drug discovery, development, pharmacodynamics, and pharmacokinetics in space environments.
d) Evaluate the regulatory frameworks for pharmaceuticals in space and the considerations for ensuring the safety and efficacy of medications for astronauts.
e) Identify ethical and social implications of pharmaceutical use in space, including informed consent, patient autonomy, and potential misuse and abuse.
f) Evaluate the potential for advancements in pharmaceuticals developed for space travel to be applied to healthcare on Earth, including treating chronic diseases and developing personalised medicine.

Skills

a) Monitors and maintains compliance with appropriate pharmacological regulations and their applicability to space environments.
b) Formulates practical responses to the legal and environmental challenges associated with pharmaceutical administration.
c) Demonstrates capability in using specialised skills to make decisions and create solutions to challenging problems relating to pharmacology and pharmaceuticals in space altered gravity environments.
d) Synthesisze and integrate knowledge from diverse scientific disciplines, including pharmacology and health science, to develop a comprehensive understanding of human-environment factors in space altered gravity environments.

Assessment

Formative

• Feedback from Tutorial/Transformational tutorials
• Weekly Critical Prompts
• Weekly Minute Paper Reflection

Summative

Assessment One: Essay
Essay from a list of topics.
3500 Words
Weighting 60%

Assessment Two: Interactive oral assessment
An evaluative conversation between assessors and students allows students to demonstrate in-depth learning and critical thinking in real-time. Interactive oral assessment is industry-aligned and scenario-based.
Weighting: 40%

 

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